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The independent and interactive effects of the big five personality dimensions upon dispositional coping and coping effectiveness in sport

Kaiseler, M.; Levy, A.; Nicholls, A. R.; Madigan, D. J.; Nicholls, Adam; Kaiseler, Mariana; Levy, Andrew; Madigan, Daniel

Authors

M. Kaiseler

A. Levy

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Professor Adam Nicholls A.Nicholls@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Psychology/ Leader of the Sport Psychology and Coaching Group

D. J. Madigan

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Professor Adam Nicholls A.Nicholls@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Psychology/ Leader of the Sport Psychology and Coaching Group

Mariana Kaiseler

Andrew Levy

Daniel Madigan

Abstract

We examined the independent and interactive effects of the Big-Five personality traits on dispositional coping and coping effectiveness among athletes. Participants were 400 athletes (mean age 22.97, s =7.00) from the United Kingdom. The athletes completed measures of personality, dispositional coping, and coping effectiveness. The Big-Five personality traits independently predicted the use of higher-order coping dimensions. Extraversion, agreeableness, and openness positively predicted task-oriented coping. Neuroticism positively predicted distraction-oriented coping, whereas agreeableness, extraversion and conscientiousness were negative predictors. Both extraversion and neuroticism positively predicted disengagement-oriented coping, whereas agreeableness and conscientiousness were negative predictors. Only neuroticism predicted coping effectiveness, which emerged as a negative predictor. Findings also showed a two-way interaction effect for predicting task-oriented coping between neuroticism and openness, and between extraversion and neuroticism. A further two-way interaction effect for predicting distraction oriented coping was found between agreeableness and conscientiousness. These findings reinforce the need to investigate not only independent, but also interactive effects of personality dimensions upon sport-related dispositional coping.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2019
Journal International journal of sport & exercise psychology
Print ISSN 1612-197X
Electronic ISSN 1557-251X
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 17
Issue 4
Pages 410-426
Institution Citation Kaiseler, M., Levy, A., Nicholls, A. R., & Madigan, D. J. (2019). The independent and interactive effects of the big five personality dimensions upon dispositional coping and coping effectiveness in sport. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 17(4), 410-426. https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2017.1362459
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2017.1362459
Keywords Personality; Big-Five; Dispositional coping; Coping effectiveness; Sport
Publisher URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1612197X.2017.1362459
Copyright Statement ©2018 University of Hull
Additional Information This is the accepted manuscript of an article published in International journal of sport & exercise psychology on 17/08/2017. The version of record is available at the DOI link in this record.

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