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Perfectionistic self-presentation and emotional experiences in music students: A three-wave longitudinal study

Hill, Andrew P.; Burland, Karen; King, Elaine C.; Pitts, Stephanie E.

Authors

Andrew P. Hill

Karen Burland

Stephanie E. Pitts



Abstract

Research has shown that perfectionism predicts emotional experiences among amateur, professional and adolescent musicians. In examining these relationships, previous research has measured trait perfectionism and employed cross-sectional designs. The current study builds on existing research by examining whether perfectionistic self-presentation (as opposed to trait perfectionism) predicts negative and positive emotional experiences in music students over time. One hundred and forty-three music students (M age 18.92 years, SD = 2.96) enrolled in music-related degree programs completed measures of perfectionistic self-presentation (perfectionistic self-promotion, non-display of imperfection, and non-disclosure of imperfection) and emotional experiences (positive and negative feelings) at the start, middle and the end of the academic year. Path analysis revealed that perfectionistic self-promotion at the start of the year predicted lower positive feelings in the middle of the year, and non-disclosure of imperfection in the middle of the year predicted lower positive feelings at the end of the year. In addition, negative feelings in the middle of the year also predicted higher non-disclosure of imperfection at the end of the year. The findings suggest that the desire to present oneself perfectly and avoid disclosure of imperfections may contribute to less positive emotional experiences among music students.

Citation

Hill, A. P., Burland, K., King, E. C., & Pitts, S. E. (in press). Perfectionistic self-presentation and emotional experiences in music students: A three-wave longitudinal study. Psychology of music, https://doi.org/10.1177/0305735618824155

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 15, 2018
Online Publication Date Feb 15, 2019
Deposit Date Feb 19, 2019
Publicly Available Date Feb 20, 2019
Journal Psychology of Music
Print ISSN 0305-7356
Electronic ISSN 1741-3087
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/0305735618824155
Keywords Personality; Well-being; Motivation; Emotion; Performance; Performing art
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/875181
Publisher URL https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0305735618824155

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