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The impact of spatial temporal averaging on the dynamic statistical properties of rain fields (2019)
Journal Article
Yang, G., Ndzi, D., Grémont, B., Paulson, K., Filip, M., & Paul, D. (in press). The impact of spatial temporal averaging on the dynamic statistical properties of rain fields. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, https://doi.org/10.1109/TAP.2019.2930137

Knowledge of the spatial-temporal variation of rain fields is required for the planning and optimization of wide area high frequency terrestrial and satellite communication networks. This paper presents data and a method for characterizing multi-reso... Read More

Estimating one-minute rain rate distributions in the Tropics from TRMM satellite data (October 2017) (2018)
Journal Article
Rimvin, G. R., Paulson, K. S., & Bellerby, T. (2018). Estimating one-minute rain rate distributions in the Tropics from TRMM satellite data (October 2017). IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 11(10), 3660-3667. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSTARS.2018.2869322

© 2008-2012 IEEE. Internationally recognized prognostic models of rain fade on terrestrial and Earth-space extremely high frequency (EHF) links rely fundamentally on distributions of 1-min rain rates. In Rec. ITU-R P.837-6, these distributions are es... Read More

A systems framework for national assessment of climate risks to infrastructure (2018)
Journal Article
Dawson, R. J., Thompson, D., Johns, D., Wood, R., Darch, G., Chapman, L., …Hall, J. W. (2018). A systems framework for national assessment of climate risks to infrastructure. Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences, 376(2121), 20170298. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2017.0298

Extreme weather causes substantial adverse socioeconomic impacts by damaging and disrupting the infrastructure services that underpin modern society. Globally, $2.5tn a year is spent on infrastructure which is typically designed to last decades, over... Read More

Exploring the usability of a web-based platform for supporting people with dementia- related disorders and their caregivers (2018)
Journal Article
Zafeiridi, P., Paulson, K., Dunn, R., Wolverson, E., White, C., Thorpe, J. A., …Tzovaras, D. (2018). Exploring the usability of a web-based platform for supporting people with dementia- related disorders and their caregivers. JMIR Formative Research, 2(1), https://doi.org/10.2196/formative.9083

Background: The increasing number of People with Dementia (PwD) drives research exploring web-based support interventions to provide effective care for larger populations. In this concept, a web-based platform (CAREGIVERSPRO-MMD, 620911) was designed... Read More

Categorisation of Mobile EEG: A Researcher's Perspective (2017)
Journal Article
Bateson, A. D., Baseler, H. A., Paulson, K. S., Ahmed, F., & Asghar, A. U. (2017). Categorisation of Mobile EEG: A Researcher's Perspective. Biomed research international, 2017, (1-15). doi:10.1155/2017/5496196. ISSN 2314-6133

© 2017 Anthony D. Bateson et al. Researchers are increasingly attempting to undertake electroencephalography (EEG) recordings in novel environments and contexts outside of the traditional static laboratory setting. The term "mobile EEG," although com... Read More

Estimating 1min rain rate distributions from numerical weather prediction (2017)
Journal Article
Paulson, K. S. (2017). Estimating 1min rain rate distributions from numerical weather prediction. Radio science, 52(1), 176-184. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016rs006111

Internationally recognized prognostic models of rain fade on terrestrial and Earth-space EHF links rely fundamentally on distributions of one-minute rain rates. Currently, in Rec. ITU-R P.837-6, these distributions are generated using the Salonen Poi... Read More

Evidence of trends in rain event size effecting trends in rain fade (2016)
Journal Article
Paulson, K. S. (2016). Evidence of trends in rain event size effecting trends in rain fade. Radio science, 51(3), 142-149. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015RS005832

Rain gauge studies have shown that the incidence of rain at rates associated with outage on terrestrial links, has shown an increasing trend in several countries, over the last 30 years. However, no evidence is available from microwave links to show... Read More

A method to estimate trends in distributions of 1 min rain rates from numerical weather prediction data (2015)
Journal Article
Paulson, K., Ranatunga, C., & Bellerby, T. (2015). A method to estimate trends in distributions of 1 min rain rates from numerical weather prediction data. Radio science, 50(9), 931-940. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015RS005651

It is known that the rain rate exceeded 0.01% of the time in the UK has experienced an increasing trend over the last 20 years. It is very likely that rain fade and outage experience a similar trend. This paper presents a globally applicable method t... Read More

Prediction of annual joint rain fade on EHF networks by weighted rain field selection (2015)
Journal Article
Paulson, K. S., & Chinda, I. D. (2015). Prediction of annual joint rain fade on EHF networks by weighted rain field selection. Radio science, 50(8), 827-836. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015RS005695

©2015. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. We present a computationally efficient method to predict joint rain fade on arbitrary networks of microwave links. Methods based on synthetic rain fields composed of a superposition of rain cell... Read More

A Spectrum Sensing Test Bed based on Matlab and USRP2 (2014)
Conference Proceeding
Ammar, M., Mehdawi, M., Riley, N., Fanan, A., Paulson, K., & Zolfaghari, M. (2014). A Spectrum Sensing Test Bed based on Matlab and USRP2. In International Conference Image Processing, Computers and Industrial Engineering (ICICIE'2014), 14-17. doi:10.15242/IIE.E0114

— The spectrum monitoring has gained new aspects with development of the software defined radio SDR as its very important issue in the spectrum management area. In this paper a spectrum monitoring technique with SDR is proposed, the setup of the prot... Read More

An ultrasonic transducer transient compensator design based on a simplified Variable Structure Control algorithm (2013)
Journal Article
Ma, S., Wilkinson, A. J., & Paulson, K. S. (2014). An ultrasonic transducer transient compensator design based on a simplified Variable Structure Control algorithm. Ultrasonics, 54(2), (502-515). doi:10.1016/j.ultras.2013.07.017. ISSN 0041-624X

A non-linear control method, known as Variable Structure Control (VSC), is employed to reduce the duration of ultrasonic (US) transducer transients. A physically realizable system using a simplified form of the VSC algorithm is proposed for standard... Read More

Spectrum occupancy survey In HULL-UK For cognitive radio applications: Measurement & analysis (2013)
Journal Article
Mehdawi, M., Riley, N., Paulson, K., Fanan, A., & Ammar, M. (2013). Spectrum occupancy survey In HULL-UK For cognitive radio applications: Measurement & analysis. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, 2(4), 231-236

Efficient use of the radio spectrum is a necessity for future wireless systems. Cognitive Radio (CR) systems promise large inc reases in spectral efficiency. An important design constraint for systems is understanding of the current use of frequency... Read More

Reduced-size circularly polarised square microstrip antenna for 2.45 GHz RFID applications (2012)
Journal Article
Nguyen, D., Paulson, K., & Riley, N. (2012). Reduced-size circularly polarised square microstrip antenna for 2.45 GHz RFID applications. IET Microwaves Antennas and Propagation, 6(1), 94-99. doi:10.1049/iet-map.2011.0269

This study proposes a new design of circular polarised (CP), microstrip (patch) antenna using a set of slits and slots to effectively reduce the area of patch by 67% compared with the conventional, corner truncated, circular polarised square patch. T... Read More

The measurement of rain kinetic energy and rain intensity using an acoustic disdrometer (2011)
Journal Article
Winder, P., & Paulson, K. S. (2012). The measurement of rain kinetic energy and rain intensity using an acoustic disdrometer. Measurement Science and Technology, 23(1), 015801. doi:10.1088/0957-0233/23/1/015801

Microwave engineers and geomorphologists require rainfall data with a much greater temporal resolution and a better representation of the numbers of large raindrops than is available from current commercial instruments. This paper describes an acoust... Read More

Trends in the incidence of rain height and the effects on global satellite telecommunications (2011)
Journal Article
Paulson, K., & Al-Mreri, A. (2011). Trends in the incidence of rain height and the effects on global satellite telecommunications. IET Microwaves Antennas and Propagation, 5(14), 1710-1713. doi:10.1049/iet-map.2010.0507

Satellite communications using millimetre waves, in Ka band and above, experience significant fading by rain. Strong attenuation is experienced between the ground station and a level known as the rain height, in ITU-R recommendations assumed to be 36... Read More

A rain height model to predict fading due to wet snow on terrestrial links (2011)
Journal Article
Paulson, K., & Al-Mreri, A. (2011). A rain height model to predict fading due to wet snow on terrestrial links. Radio science, 46(4), doi:10.1029/2010rs004555

Recommendation ITU‐R P.530‐13 provides an internationally recognized prediction model for the fading due to wet snow on low‐elevation, terrestrial microwave links. An important parameter in this model is the altitude difference between the link and t... Read More

Development of a heterogeneous microwave network fade simulation tool applicable to networks that span Europe (2011)
Journal Article
Paulson, K. S., & Basarudin, H. (2011). Development of a heterogeneous microwave network fade simulation tool applicable to networks that span Europe. Radio science, 46(4), doi:10.1029/2010rs004608

Several research groups in Europe are developing joint channel simulators for arbitrarily complex networks of terrestrial and slant path, microwave telecommunications links. Currently, the Hull Rain Fade Network Simulator (HRFNS) developed at Univers... Read More

A phase modulation-based ultrasonic communication system using Variable Structure Control (2010)
Conference Proceeding
Ma, S., Wilkinson, A. J., & Paulson, K. S. (2010). A phase modulation-based ultrasonic communication system using Variable Structure Control. doi:10.1109/icct.2010.5688708

Narrow bandwidth transducers used in existing ultrasonic data communication systems are known to be devices with a high Q resonant response and low coupling to both the electrical drive and acoustic output interfaces. These features limit the speed o... Read More

Trends in the incidence of rain rates associated with outages on fixed links operating above 10 GHz in the southern United Kingdom (2010)
Journal Article
Paulson, K. S. (2010). Trends in the incidence of rain rates associated with outages on fixed links operating above 10 GHz in the southern United Kingdom. Radio science, 45(1), 1-9. doi:10.1029/2009rs004193

Studies have shown that climate change is leading to an increase in the incidence of heavy rain in the United Kingdom, particularly over winter. The major interest has been on the hydrological impacts of this increase, and so studies have focused on... Read More

Simulation of rain fade on arbitrary microwave link networks by the downscaling and interpolation of rain radar data (2009)
Journal Article
Paulson, K., & Zhang, X. (2009). Simulation of rain fade on arbitrary microwave link networks by the downscaling and interpolation of rain radar data. Radio science, 44(2), 0 - 0. doi:10.1029/2008RS003935

To predict the Quality of Service at a node in heterogeneous networks of line-of-sight, terrestrial, microwave links requires knowledge of the spatial and temporal statistics of rain over scales of a few meters to tens or hundreds of kilometers, and... Read More