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The relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control: evidence from the item-method directed forgetting task (2019)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Howe, D., & Clough, P. J. (in press). The relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control: evidence from the item-method directed forgetting task. Applied Cognitive Psychology, https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3570

Previous research by the authors (Dewhurst, Anderson. Cotter, Crust, & Clough, 2012) found that mental toughness, as measured by the Mental Toughness Questionnaire 48 (MTQ48; Clough, Earle, & Sewell, 2002), was significantly associated with performan... Read More

Simulation, false memories, and the planning of future events. (2018)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Grace, L., & Howe, D. (2019). Simulation, false memories, and the planning of future events. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 45(1), 26-36. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000575

Three experiments investigated the relationship between future thinking and false memories. In Experiment 1, participants remembered familiar events (e.g., a holiday) from their past, imagined planning the same events in the future, or took part in a... Read More

Individual differences in susceptibility to false memories: The effect of memory specificity (2018)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Berry, D. M., & Garner, S. R. (2018). Individual differences in susceptibility to false memories: The effect of memory specificity. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(7), 1637-1644. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2017.1345961

Previous research has highlighted the wide individual variability in susceptibility to the false memories produced by the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) procedure [Deese, J. (1959). On the prediction of occurrence of particular verbal intrusions in i... Read More

A brighter future : the effect of positive episodic simulation on future predictions in non-depressed, moderately dysphoric & highly dysphoric individuals (2017)
Journal Article
Boland, J., Riggs, K. J., & Anderson, R. J. (2018). A brighter future : the effect of positive episodic simulation on future predictions in non-depressed, moderately dysphoric & highly dysphoric individuals. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 100, 7-16. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2017.10.010

Previous research suggests depressed individuals have difficulties with future directed cognitions. For instance, compared with non-depressed individuals, they predict positive events are less likely to occur. Recent work suggests that episodic simul... Read More

False memories, but not false beliefs, affect implicit attitudes for food preferences (2017)
Journal Article
Howe, D., Anderson, R. J., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2017). False memories, but not false beliefs, affect implicit attitudes for food preferences. Acta psychologica, 179, 14-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2017.07.002

Previous studies have found that false memories and false beliefs of childhood experiences can have attitudinal consequences. Previous studies have, however, focused exclusively on explicit attitude measures without exploring whether implicit attitud... Read More

Direct and generative retrieval of autobiographical memories : the roles of visual imagery and executive processes (2017)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Dewhurst, S. A., & Dean, G. M. (2017). Direct and generative retrieval of autobiographical memories : the roles of visual imagery and executive processes. Consciousness and cognition, 49, 163-171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2017.02.010

Two experiments used a dual task methodology to investigate the role of visual imagery and executive resources in the retrieval of specific autobiographical memories. In Experiment 1, dynamic visual noise led to a reduction in the number of specific... Read More

Survival processing versus self-reference : a memory advantage following descriptive self-referential encoding (2017)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Grace, L., & Boland, J. (2017). Survival processing versus self-reference : a memory advantage following descriptive self-referential encoding. Journal of Memory and Language, 94, 291-304. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2017.01.003

Previous research has shown that rating words for their relevance to a survival scenario leads to better retention of the words than rating them for self-reference. Past studies have, however, relied exclusively on an autobiographical self-reference... Read More

Adaptive false memory: Imagining future scenarios increases false memories in the DRM paradigm (2016)
Journal Article
Grace, L., Anderson, R. J., Dewhurst, S. A., & van Esch, L. (2016). Adaptive false memory: Imagining future scenarios increases false memories in the DRM paradigm. Memory & cognition, 44(7), 1076-1084. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-016-0620-0

Previous research has shown that rating words for their relevance to a future scenario enhances memory for those words. The current study investigated the effect of future thinking on false memory using the Deese/Roediger–McDermott (DRM) procedure. I... Read More

A dysphoric's TALE: The relationship between the self-reported functions of autobiographical memory and symptoms of depression (2015)
Journal Article
Grace, L., Dewhurst, S. A., & Anderson, R. J. (2016). A dysphoric's TALE: The relationship between the self-reported functions of autobiographical memory and symptoms of depression. Memory, 24(9), 1173-1181. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2015.1084009

Autobiographical memory (AM) is believed to serve self, social and directive functions; however, little is known regarding how this triad of functions operates in depression. Using the Thinking About Life Experiences questionnaire [Bluck, S., & Alea,... Read More

Overgeneral past and future thinking in dysphoria: the role of emotional cues and cueing methodology (2015)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Boland, J., & Garner, S. R. (2016). Overgeneral past and future thinking in dysphoria: the role of emotional cues and cueing methodology. Memory, 24(5), 708-719. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2015.1046134

Overgeneral memory, where individuals exhibit difficulties in retrieving specific episodes from autobiographical memory, has been consistently linked with emotional disorders. However, the majority of this literature has relied upon a single methodol... Read More

Episodic elaboration: Investigating the structure of retrieved past events and imagined future events (2014)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Peters, L., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2015). Episodic elaboration: Investigating the structure of retrieved past events and imagined future events. Consciousness and cognition, 33(1), (112-124). doi:10.1016/j.concog.2014.12.007. ISSN 1090-2376

Five experiments investigated the cognitive processes involved in the elaboration of past and future events. A production listing procedure was used, in which participants listed details of each event in forwards chronological order, backwards chrono... Read More

Mental time travel in dysphoria: Differences in the content and subjective experience of past and future episodes (2014)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., & Evans, G. L. (2015). Mental time travel in dysphoria: Differences in the content and subjective experience of past and future episodes. Consciousness and cognition, 37, 237-248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2014.05.006

Previous research has shown that depressed individuals demonstrate a number of biases in their ability to retrieve past events and simulate future events. The current study investigated the content and phenomenological experience of past and future e... Read More

Social problem solving, social cognition, and mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's Disease (2013)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Simpson, A. C., Channon, S., Samuel, M., & Brown, R. G. (2013). Social problem solving, social cognition, and mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's Disease. Behavioral Neuroscience, 127(2), 184-192. doi:10.1037/a0030250

Cognitive impairment is a recognized feature of Parkinson's disease (PD), which, even if mild, can impact some aspects of a patient's ability to deal with everyday life. The current study examined the ability to solve social problems in three groups... Read More

Imagining novel futures: The roles of event plausibility and familiarity (2012)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J. (2012). Imagining novel futures: The roles of event plausibility and familiarity. Memory, 20(5), 443-451. doi:10.1080/09658211.2012.677450

The constructive episodic simulation hypothesis suggests that episodic memory supports the simulation of future events through extraction and recombination of stored information. The current study explicitly investigated the use of past episodic thou... Read More

Identifying the cognitive basis of mental toughness: Evidence from the directed forgetting paradigm (2012)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Cotter, G., Crust, L., & Clough, P. J. (2012). Identifying the cognitive basis of mental toughness: Evidence from the directed forgetting paradigm. Personality and individual differences, 53(5), 587-590. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2012.04.036

The concept of mental toughness has been found to be related to outcome performance measures in sport and other competitive situations. Despite this, little attention has been devoted to understanding the cognitive mechanisms that underlie mental tou... Read More

Shared cognitive processes underlying past and future thinking: The impact of imagery and concurrent task demands on event specificity. (2012)
Journal Article
Anderson, R., Dewhurst, S., & Nash, R. (2012). Shared cognitive processes underlying past and future thinking: The impact of imagery and concurrent task demands on event specificity. Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition, 38(2), (356-365). doi:10.1037/a0025451. ISSN 0278-7393

Recent literature has argued that whereas remembering the past and imagining the future make use of shared cognitive substrates, simulating future events places heavier demands on executive resources. These propositions were explored in 3 experiments... Read More

A gender difference in the false recall of negative words: Women DRM more than men (2011)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., & Knott, L. M. (2012). A gender difference in the false recall of negative words: Women DRM more than men. Cognition and Emotion, 26(1), (65-74). doi:10.1080/02699931.2011.553037. ISSN 0269-9931

Gender differences in susceptibility to associative memory illusions in the Deese/Roediger-McDermott paradigm were investigated using negative and neutral word lists. Women (n=50) and men (n=50) studied 20 lists of 12 words that were associates of a... Read More

Depression and anxiety related subtypes in Parkinson's disease (2011)
Journal Article
Brown, R., Landau, S., Hindle, J., Playfer, J., Samuel, M., Wilson, K., …for the PROMS-PD Study Group, . (2011). Depression and anxiety related subtypes in Parkinson's disease. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 82(7), 803-809. doi:10.1136/jnnp.2010.213652

Background: Depression and anxiety are common in Parkinson's disease (PD) and although clinically important remain poorly understood and managed. To date, research has tended to treat depression and anxiety as distinct phenomena. There is growing evi... Read More

The mood-enhancing benefits of exercise: memory biases augment the effect (2010)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., & Brice, S. (2011). The mood-enhancing benefits of exercise: memory biases augment the effect. Psychology of sport and exercise, 12(2), (79-82). doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.08.003. ISSN 1469-0292

Objectives: To examine whether expectations regarding the benefits of exercise influence perceived mood changes post-exercise, by virtue of memory biases. Design: 2 x 2 Mixed design with 40 participants assigned to either exercise or non-exercise con... Read More

Social Problem-Solving and Depressive Symptom Vulnerability: The Importance of Real-Life Problem-Solving Performance (2009)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Goddard, L., & Powell, J. H. (2011). Social Problem-Solving and Depressive Symptom Vulnerability: The Importance of Real-Life Problem-Solving Performance. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 35(1), (48-56). doi:10.1007/s10608-009-9286-2. ISSN 0147-5916

Previous research suggests poor social problem-solving may function as a vulnerability factor for depressive symptoms. However, the ecological validity of previous findings is questionable, with recent research using real-life performance based appro... Read More