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The relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control: evidence from the item-method directed forgetting task

Anderson, Rachel J.; Dewhurst, Stephen A.; Anderson, Rachel J.; Howe, David; Clough, Peter J.


David Howe

Peter J. Clough


Previous research by the authors (Dewhurst, Anderson. Cotter, Crust, & Clough, 2012) found that mental toughness, as measured by the Mental Toughness Questionnaire 48 (MTQ48; Clough, Earle, & Sewell, 2002), was significantly associated with performance on the list-method directed forgetting task. The current study extends this finding to the item-method directed forgetting task in which the instruction to Remember or Forget is given after each item in the study list. A significant positive association was found between the correct recognition of Remember words and the emotional control subscale of the MTQ48. Neither the Sports Mental Toughness Questionnaire (Sheard, Golby, & van Wersch, 2009) nor the Big Five Inventory (McCrae & Costa, 1987) accounted for significant variance in the recognition of Remember or Forget words. The findings are discussed in terms of the relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal Applied Cognitive Psychology
Print ISSN 0888-4080
Electronic ISSN 1099-0720
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Mental toughness, cognitive control, directed forgetting