University of Hull logo

Assessing model fit: Caveats and recommendations for confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory structural equation modeling

Perry, John L.; Nicholls, Adam R.; Clough, Peter J.; Crust, Lee

Authors

John L. Perry

Profile Image

Professor Adam Nicholls A.Nicholls@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Psychology and Coaching/ Leader of the Sport Psychology and Coaching Group

Peter J. Clough

Lee Crust

Abstract

Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) is commonly used to assess measurement models in sport and exercise psychology. Frequently used as a yardstick for their adequacy, are specific cutoff values proposed by Hu and Bentler (1999). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether using the CFA approach with these cutoff values for typical multidimensional measures is appropriate. Further, we sought to examine how a model could be respecified to achieve acceptable fit, and demonstrate how exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) provides a more appropriate assessment of model fit. We conducted CFAs and ESEMs on eight commonly used measures in sport and exercise psychology. Despite demonstrating good validity previously, all eight failed to meet the cutoff values proposed by Hu and Bentler. ESEM improved model fit in all multidimensional measures. In conclusion, we propose that researchers abstain from using cutoff values, prefer ESEM to CFA, and generally take a more subjective view towards factorial validity.

Publication Date Jan 2, 2015
Journal Measurement in physical education and exercise science
Print ISSN 1091-367X
Electronic ISSN 1532-7841
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 19
Issue 1
Pages 12-21
Institution Citation Perry, J. L., Nicholls, A. R., Clough, P. J., & Crust, L. (2015). Assessing model fit: Caveats and recommendations for confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory structural equation modeling. Measurement in physical education and exercise science, 19(1), 12-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/1091367x.2014.952370
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/1091367x.2014.952370
Keywords Psychometrics, Measurement, Cutoff values, Modification indices
Publisher URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1091367X.2014.952370#.VUjJb090wzs
Copyright Statement ©2016 University of Hull
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Measurement in physical education and exercise science on 13 Jan 2015, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline...80/1091367X.2014.952370

Files



You might also like


Downloadable Citations