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Development and validation of the compliant and principled sportspersonship scale

Perry, John L.; Clough, Peter J.; Crust, Lee; Nabb, Sam L.; Nicholls, Adam R.


John L. Perry

Peter J. Clough

Lee Crust

Sam L. Nabb

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Professor Adam Nicholls
Professor of Psychology/ Leader of the Sport Psychology and Coaching Group


A new measure of sportspersonship that differentiates between compliance and principled decisions was developed and validated in three studies. In Study 1, a 71-item questionnaire was developed and administered to 357 sports participants, before principal component analysis (PCA) reduced the questionnaire to a 7-factor, 37-item scale. Subsequently, Study 2 tested this revised questionnaire among a sample of 502 sports participants in a series of confirmatory factor analyses (CFA), suggesting a 28-item and 6-factor model was a good fit. Study 3 supported the construct validity of the scale using a sample of 176 athletes, providing evidence for the concurrent and discriminant validity of the scale. The Compliant and Principled Sportspersonship Scale (CAPSS) is proposed as a valid and reliable measure of sportspersonship


Perry, J. L., Clough, P. J., Crust, L., Nabb, S. L., & Nicholls, A. R. (2015). Development and validation of the compliant and principled sportspersonship scale. Research quarterly for exercise and sport, 86(1), 71-80.

Acceptance Date Jun 23, 2014
Publication Date Jan 2, 2015
Deposit Date May 5, 2015
Publicly Available Date May 5, 2015
Journal Research quarterly for exercise and sport
Print ISSN 0270-1367
Electronic ISSN 2168-3824
Publisher Routledge
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 86
Issue 1
Pages 71-80
Keywords Sportspersonship, Moral behaviour, Factor analysis
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Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Research quarterly for exercise and sport on 01/12/2014, available online: