Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Walking cadence required to elicit criterion moderate-intensity physical activity is moderated by fitness status

Abt, Grant; Bray, James; Myers, Tony; Benson, Amanda C.


Profile Image

Dr James Bray
Lecturer in Sport Nutrition & Physiology

Tony Myers

Amanda C. Benson


The aims of this study were to estimate the walking cadence required to elicit a VO2reserve (VO2R) of 40% and determine if fitness status moderates the relationship between walking cadence and %VO2R. Twenty participants (10 male, mean(s) age 32(10) years; VO2max 45(10) mL·kg−1·min−1) completed resting and maximal oxygen consumption tests prior to 7 x 5-min bouts of treadmill walking at increasing speed while wearing an Apple Watch and measuring oxygen consumption continuously. The 7 x 5-min exercise bouts were performed at speeds between 3 and 6 km·h−1 with 5-min seated rest following each bout. Walking cadence measured at each treadmill speed was recorded using the Apple Watch “Activity” app. Using Bayesian regression, we predict that participants need a walking cadence of 138 to 140 steps·min−1 to achieve a VO2R of 40%. However, these values are moderated by fitness status such that those with lower fitness can achieve 40% VO2R at a slower walking cadence. The results suggest that those with moderate fitness need to walk at ~40% higher than the currently recommended walking cadence (100 steps·min−1) to elicit moderate-intensity physical activity. However, walking cadence required to achieve moderate-intensity physical activity is moderated by fitness status.


Abt, G., Bray, J., Myers, T., & Benson, A. C. (2019). Walking cadence required to elicit criterion moderate-intensity physical activity is moderated by fitness status. Journal of sports sciences, 37(17), 1989-1995.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 23, 2019
Online Publication Date May 7, 2019
Publication Date 2019-07
Deposit Date Apr 23, 2019
Publicly Available Date May 8, 2020
Journal Journal of Sports Sciences
Print ISSN 0264-0414
Electronic ISSN 1466-447X
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 37
Issue 17
Pages 1989-1995
Keywords Wearable electronic devices; Exercise; Oxygen consumption; Walking; Bayes theorem
Public URL
Publisher URL
Related Public URLs
Additional Information Peer Review Statement: The publishing and review policy for this title is described in its Aims & Scope.; Aim & Scope:; Accepted: 2019-04-23; Published: 2019-05-07


You might also like

Downloadable Citations