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Mentally tough athletes are more aware of unsupportive coaching behaviours: Perceptions of coach behaviour, motivational climate, and mental toughness in sport

Nicholls, Adam R.; Perry, John L.; Morley, Dave

Authors

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Professor Adam Nicholls A.Nicholls@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Psychology/ Leader of the Sport Psychology and Coaching Group

John L. Perry

Dave Morley



Abstract

In this study we tested an a priori model that included coach behaviour, motivational climate, and mental toughness among 290 athletes. Structural equation modelling demonstrated that supportive coach behaviours were related to a task-involving climate, and that task-involving climates positively associated with mental toughness. The path between supportive coach behaviours and mental toughness was insignificant. When task-involving climate was taken into account, however, supportive coach behaviours were positively associated with task-involving climates, which in turn was positively associated with mental toughness. This study illustrates the importance of coach behaviour in relation to shaping the motivational climate, which in turn may impact on the development of mental toughness among athletes.

Citation

Nicholls, A. R., Perry, J. L., & Morley, D. (2016). Mentally tough athletes are more aware of unsupportive coaching behaviours: Perceptions of coach behaviour, motivational climate, and mental toughness in sport. International journal of sports science & coaching, 11(2), 172-181 . https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954116636714

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 26, 2015
Online Publication Date Mar 8, 2016
Publication Date Apr 1, 2016
Deposit Date Jul 30, 2015
Publicly Available Date Nov 23, 2017
Journal International journal of sports science & coaching
Print ISSN 1747-9541
Electronic ISSN 2048-397X
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 2
Pages 172-181
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954116636714
Keywords Coaching, Ego-involving, Goal orientation, Mental toughness, Motivation, Task-involving
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/377174
Publisher URL https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1747954116636714
Additional Information This is the author's accepted version of an article published in: International journal of sports science & coaching, 2016, v.11 issue 2.