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Stressors and coping strategies among early and middle adolescent premier league academy soccer players: differences according to age

Reeves, Clive W.; Nicholls, Adam R.; McKenna, Jim

Authors

Clive W. Reeves

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Professor Adam Nicholls A.Nicholls@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Psychology/ Leader of the Sport Psychology and Coaching Group

Jim McKenna



Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine stressors and coping strategies among early (12-14 years) and middle adolescents (15-18 years). Forty male academy soccer players, aged between 12-18 years (M age = 14.22 years), participated in semi-structured interviews, which were inductively and deductively content analyzed. Findings revealed that middle adolescents reported more stressors than early adolescents and that these two groups experienced both common and different stressors. Early adolescents identified making errors, opponents, team performance, and family as salient stressors. Making errors, team performance, coaches, selection, contracts, social evaluation, and playing at a higher level were more prominent among middle adolescents. Middle adolescents reported a greater number and repertoire of coping strategies than early adolescents, and used more problem- and emotion-focused strategies, but fewer avoidance strategies than early adolescents. Based on these findings, it is recommended that applied practitioners working within soccer academies take into account the players' age when providing psychological support.

Citation

Reeves, C. W., Nicholls, A. R., & McKenna, J. (2009). Stressors and coping strategies among early and middle adolescent premier league academy soccer players: differences according to age. Journal of applied sport psychology, 21(1), 31-48. doi:10.1080/10413200802443768

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 12, 2007
Online Publication Date Jan 14, 2009
Publication Date Feb 3, 2009
Publicly Available Date
Journal JOURNAL OF APPLIED SPORT PSYCHOLOGY
Print ISSN 1041-3200
Electronic ISSN 1533-1571
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 21
Issue 1
Article Number PII 907767512
Pages 31-48
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200802443768
Keywords Applied Psychology
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/387026
Publisher URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10413200802443768