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Type D personality, stress, and symptoms of burnout: The influence of avoidance coping and social support

Borkoles, Erika; Polman, Remco; Nicholls, Adam R.

Authors

Erika Borkoles

Remco Polman

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Professor Adam Nicholls A.Nicholls@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Psychology/ Leader of the Sport Psychology and Coaching Group



Abstract

Objective. This study investigated whether approach coping, avoidance coping, or perceptions of available social support mediated the relationship between Type D personality and perceived stress. Furthermore, this research also examined whether Type D moderated the relationship between perceived stress and symptoms of burnout. Methods. In this cross-sectional study, 334 (male N = 180; female N = 154) first-year undergraduate students completed the Type D Scale-14 (DS14), the Brief Approach/Avoidance Coping Questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory. Design. Cross-sectional. Results. Multiple mediation analysis revealed that only resignation and withdrawal coping, but not social support partially mediated the relationship between Type D and perceived stress. A small moderation effect was found for the disengagement subscale of the burnout inventory, with Type D individuals experiencing higher levels of disengagement at low and average stress levels. The correlations between variables provided support for most of the prediction from the literature with regard to Type D. Conclusion. Of the participants in the present study, 24.9% were classified as Type D. These individuals tend to use more passive and maladaptive avoidance coping strategies such as resignation and withdrawal. This is associated with higher levels of perceived stress and linked to increased levels of burnout symptoms

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2010-09
Journal BRITISH JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY
Print ISSN 1359-107X
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Issue 3
Pages 681-696
APA6 Citation Polman, R., Borkoles, E., & Nicholls, A. R. (2010). Type D personality, stress, and symptoms of burnout: The influence of avoidance coping and social support. British Journal of Health Psychology, 15(3), 681-696. doi:10.1348/135910709X479069
DOI https://doi.org/10.1348/135910709X479069
Keywords Acute coronary syndrome; Heart-disease
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