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Fault-tolerant load reduction control for large offshore wind turbines

Liu, Yanhua


Yanhua Liu



Offshore wind turbines suffer from asymmetrical loading (blades, tower etc.), leading to enhanced structural fatigue. As well as asymmetrical loading different types of faults (pitch system faults etc.) can occur simultaneously, causing degradation of load mitigation performance and enhanced fatigue. Individual pitch control (IPC) provides an important method to achieve mitigation of rotor asymmetric loads, but this may be accompanied by a resulting enhancement of pitch movement leading to increased possibility of pitch system faults, which negative effects on IPC performance.
This thesis focuses on combining the fault tolerant control (FTC) techniques with load reduction strategies by a more intelligent pitch control system (i.e. collective pitch control and IPC) for offshore wind turbines in a system level to reduce the operation & maintenance costs and improve the system reliability. The scenario of load mitigation is analogous to the FTC problem because the action of rotor/tower bending can be considered as a fault effect. The essential concept is to attempt to account for all the "fault effects" in the rotor and tower systems which can weaken the effect of bending moment reduction through the use of IPC.
Motivated by the above, this thesis focuses on four aspects to fill the gap of the combination between FTC and IPC schemes. Firstly, a preview control system using model predictive control with future wind speed is proposed, which could be a possible alternative to using LiDAR technology when using preview control for load reduction. Secondly, a multivariable IPC controller for both blade and tower load mitigation considering the inherent couplings is investigated. Thirdly, appropriate control-based fault monitoring strategies including fault detection and fault estimation FE-based FTC scheme are proposed for several different pitch actuator/sensor faults. Furthermore, the combined analysis of an FE-based FTC strategy with the IPC system at a system level is provided and the robustness of the proposed strategy is verified.


Liu, Y. (2019). Fault-tolerant load reduction control for large offshore wind turbines. (Thesis). University of Hull. Retrieved from

Thesis Type Thesis
Deposit Date Apr 25, 2023
Publicly Available Date Apr 25, 2023
Keywords Engineering
Public URL
Additional Information Department of Engineering, The University of Hull
Award Date 2019-04


Thesis (11.5 Mb)

Copyright Statement
© 2019 Yanhua Liu. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission of the copyright holder.

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