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Predicting cooperation in competitive conditions : the role of sportspersonship, moral competence, and emotional intelligence

Perry, John; Clough, Peter J.

Authors

John Perry

Peter J. Clough



Abstract

Objectives The purpose of the present study was to examine the predictive capabilities of sportspersonship, moral competence, and emotional intelligence on cooperation in varying competitive conditions. Design An experimental study was conducted, examining responses in a prisoner's dilemma game with manipulated conditions. Method Forty-three participants were randomly assigned to an accumulative or competitive condition, in which they contested 10 rounds of choosing to cooperate or defect. Results Whether the condition was accumulative or competitive did not significantly predict cooperation. In the final round of each contest however, cooperation was significantly reduced. Sportspersonship predicted a significant amount of cooperation percentage, while final round cooperation was predicted by emotional intelligence. Conclusions Cooperation is in part determined by individual levels of sportspersonship in all conditions except when actions are free of future consequence. In such conditions, emotional intelligence appears to be a stronger indicator of cooperation. The implications of the study are that researchers and practitioners should consider how to develop sportspersonship and emotional intelligence to boost cooperation in various domains.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2017-07
Journal Psychology of sport and exercise
Print ISSN 1469-0292
Electronic ISSN 1878-5476
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 31
Pages 88-92
APA6 Citation Perry, J., & Clough, P. J. (2017). Predicting cooperation in competitive conditions : the role of sportspersonship, moral competence, and emotional intelligence. Psychology of sport and exercise, 31, 88-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.04.008
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.04.008
Keywords Cooperation; Game theory; Sportspersonship; Morality; Emotional intelligence
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1469029217302595
Additional Information This is the accepted manuscript of an article published in Psychology of sport and exercise, 2017. The version of record is available at the DOI link in this record.

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Copyright Statement
©2018, Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/



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