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The implicit power of positive thinking: The effect of positive episodic simulation on implicit future expectancies (2024)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Clayton McClure, J. H., Bishop, E., Howe, D., Riggs, K. J., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2024). The implicit power of positive thinking: The effect of positive episodic simulation on implicit future expectancies. PLoS ONE, 19(4), Article e0298817. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0298817

Previous research demonstrating that positive episodic simulation enhances future expectancies has relied on explicit expectancy measures. The current study investigated the effects of episodic simulation on implicit expectancies. Using the Future Th... Read More about The implicit power of positive thinking: The effect of positive episodic simulation on implicit future expectancies.

The effects of gender and emotion on schema-driven false memories. (2024)
Thesis
Markham, B. (2023). The effects of gender and emotion on schema-driven false memories. (Thesis). University of Hull. Retrieved from https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/4625398

The present set of experiments investigated the role of emotion in false memory using a schema-based paradigm in which participants imagined familiar scenarios and rated words for their relevance to the scenarios. This was followed by tests of recogn... Read More about The effects of gender and emotion on schema-driven false memories..

Isolating the effects of visual imagery on prospective memory (2024)
Journal Article
Abel, J. W., Anderson, R. J., Dean, G. M., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2024). Isolating the effects of visual imagery on prospective memory. Memory, https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2024.2335302

Two experiments investigated the role of visual imagery in prospective memory (PM). In experiment 1, 140 participants completed a general knowledge quiz which included a PM task of writing a letter “X” next to any questions that referred to space. Pa... Read More about Isolating the effects of visual imagery on prospective memory.

“I'm just not feeling it”: Affective processing of episodic physical activity memories differs between physically active and inactive individuals (2023)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Boulby, A., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2023). “I'm just not feeling it”: Affective processing of episodic physical activity memories differs between physically active and inactive individuals. Psychology of sport and exercise, 68, Article 102475. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2023.102475

Despite widespread awareness of the physiological and psychological benefits of physical activity, many individuals do not meet recommended guidelines. The current research investigated whether episodic memories of physical activity experiences and t... Read More about “I'm just not feeling it”: Affective processing of episodic physical activity memories differs between physically active and inactive individuals.

The relationship between depressive symptoms and positive emotional anticipation of goal achievement (2023)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Clayton McClure, J. H., Boland, J., Howe, D., Riggs, K. J., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2023). The relationship between depressive symptoms and positive emotional anticipation of goal achievement. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 14(1), https://doi.org/10.1177/20438087231164963

Depression is associated with difficulties in goal pursuit which could be related to deficits in emotional anticipation regarding goal success. Therefore, the reported study investigated emotional anticipation for personal goals and whether this diff... Read More about The relationship between depressive symptoms and positive emotional anticipation of goal achievement.

The effect of survival processing on memory for pictures depends on how memory is tested (2023)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., O’Connor, R. J., & Dean, G. (in press). The effect of survival processing on memory for pictures depends on how memory is tested. Memory, https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2023.2171436

Two experiments investigated the effects of survival processing on memory for pictures of objects. In experiment 1, participants were presented with 32 pictures of common objects and rated them for their relevance to a survival scenario, a moving hom... Read More about The effect of survival processing on memory for pictures depends on how memory is tested.

The effect of dysphoria on the relationship between autobiographical memories and the self (2020)
Journal Article
Grace, L., Dewhurst, S. A., & Anderson, R. J. (2021). The effect of dysphoria on the relationship between autobiographical memories and the self. Cognition and Emotion, 35(1), 71-83. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2020.1802231

Two experiments investigated the bi-directional relationship between episodic autobiographical memories (ABMs) and semantic self-images in dysphoric and nondysphoric individuals. Participants in Experiment 1 generated positive and negative “I am” sta... Read More about The effect of dysphoria on the relationship between autobiographical memories and the self.

The relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control: evidence from the item-method directed forgetting task (2019)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Howe, D., & Clough, P. J. (2019). The relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control: evidence from the item-method directed forgetting task. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 33(5), 943-951. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3570

Previous research by the authors found that mental toughness, as measured by the Mental Toughness Questionnaire 48 (MTQ48; Clough, P.J., Earle, K., & Sewell, D. [2002]. Mental toughness: the concept and its measurement. In I. Cockerill (Ed.), Solutio... Read More about The relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control: evidence from the item-method directed forgetting task.

Simulation, false memories, and the planning of future events (2018)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Grace, L., & Howe, D. (2019). Simulation, false memories, and the planning of future events. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 45(1), 26-36. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000575

Three experiments investigated the relationship between future thinking and false memories. In Experiment 1, participants remembered familiar events (e.g., a holiday) from their past, imagined planning the same events in the future, or took part in a... Read More about Simulation, false memories, and the planning of future events.

Individual differences in susceptibility to false memories: The effect of memory specificity (2018)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Berry, D. M., & Garner, S. R. (2018). Individual differences in susceptibility to false memories: The effect of memory specificity. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(7), 1637-1644. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2017.1345961

Previous research has highlighted the wide individual variability in susceptibility to the false memories produced by the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) procedure [Deese, J. (1959). On the prediction of occurrence of particular verbal intrusions in i... Read More about Individual differences in susceptibility to false memories: The effect of memory specificity.

A brighter future : the effect of positive episodic simulation on future predictions in non-depressed, moderately dysphoric & highly dysphoric individuals (2017)
Journal Article
Boland, J., Riggs, K. J., & Anderson, R. J. (2018). A brighter future : the effect of positive episodic simulation on future predictions in non-depressed, moderately dysphoric & highly dysphoric individuals. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 100, 7-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2017.10.010

Previous research suggests depressed individuals have difficulties with future directed cognitions. For instance, compared with non-depressed individuals, they predict positive events are less likely to occur. Recent work suggests that episodic simul... Read More about A brighter future : the effect of positive episodic simulation on future predictions in non-depressed, moderately dysphoric & highly dysphoric individuals.

False memories, but not false beliefs, affect implicit attitudes for food preferences (2017)
Journal Article
Howe, D., Anderson, R. J., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2017). False memories, but not false beliefs, affect implicit attitudes for food preferences. Acta Psychologica, 179, 14-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2017.07.002

Previous studies have found that false memories and false beliefs of childhood experiences can have attitudinal consequences. Previous studies have, however, focused exclusively on explicit attitude measures without exploring whether implicit attitud... Read More about False memories, but not false beliefs, affect implicit attitudes for food preferences.

Direct and generative retrieval of autobiographical memories : the roles of visual imagery and executive processes (2017)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Dewhurst, S. A., & Dean, G. M. (2017). Direct and generative retrieval of autobiographical memories : the roles of visual imagery and executive processes. Consciousness and cognition, 49, 163-171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2017.02.010

Two experiments used a dual task methodology to investigate the role of visual imagery and executive resources in the retrieval of specific autobiographical memories. In Experiment 1, dynamic visual noise led to a reduction in the number of specific... Read More about Direct and generative retrieval of autobiographical memories : the roles of visual imagery and executive processes.

Survival processing versus self-reference : a memory advantage following descriptive self-referential encoding (2017)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Grace, L., & Boland, J. (2017). Survival processing versus self-reference : a memory advantage following descriptive self-referential encoding. Journal of Memory and Language, 94, 291-304. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2017.01.003

Previous research has shown that rating words for their relevance to a survival scenario leads to better retention of the words than rating them for self-reference. Past studies have, however, relied exclusively on an autobiographical self-reference... Read More about Survival processing versus self-reference : a memory advantage following descriptive self-referential encoding.

Adaptive false memory: Imagining future scenarios increases false memories in the DRM paradigm (2016)
Journal Article
Grace, L., Anderson, R. J., Dewhurst, S. A., & van Esch, L. (2016). Adaptive false memory: Imagining future scenarios increases false memories in the DRM paradigm. Memory & cognition, 44(7), 1076-1084. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-016-0620-0

Previous research has shown that rating words for their relevance to a future scenario enhances memory for those words. The current study investigated the effect of future thinking on false memory using the Deese/Roediger–McDermott (DRM) procedure. I... Read More about Adaptive false memory: Imagining future scenarios increases false memories in the DRM paradigm.

A dysphoric's TALE: The relationship between the self-reported functions of autobiographical memory and symptoms of depression (2015)
Journal Article
Grace, L., Dewhurst, S. A., & Anderson, R. J. (2016). A dysphoric's TALE: The relationship between the self-reported functions of autobiographical memory and symptoms of depression. Memory, 24(9), 1173-1181. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2015.1084009

Autobiographical memory (AM) is believed to serve self, social and directive functions; however, little is known regarding how this triad of functions operates in depression. Using the Thinking About Life Experiences questionnaire [Bluck, S., & Alea,... Read More about A dysphoric's TALE: The relationship between the self-reported functions of autobiographical memory and symptoms of depression.

Overgeneral past and future thinking in dysphoria: the role of emotional cues and cueing methodology (2015)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Boland, J., & Garner, S. R. (2016). Overgeneral past and future thinking in dysphoria: the role of emotional cues and cueing methodology. Memory, 24(5), 708-719. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2015.1046134

Overgeneral memory, where individuals exhibit difficulties in retrieving specific episodes from autobiographical memory, has been consistently linked with emotional disorders. However, the majority of this literature has relied upon a single methodol... Read More about Overgeneral past and future thinking in dysphoria: the role of emotional cues and cueing methodology.

Episodic elaboration: Investigating the structure of retrieved past events and imagined future events (2014)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Peters, L., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2015). Episodic elaboration: Investigating the structure of retrieved past events and imagined future events. Consciousness and cognition, 33(1), 112-124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2014.12.007

Five experiments investigated the cognitive processes involved in the elaboration of past and future events. A production listing procedure was used, in which participants listed details of each event in forwards chronological order, backwards chrono... Read More about Episodic elaboration: Investigating the structure of retrieved past events and imagined future events.

Mental time travel in dysphoria: Differences in the content and subjective experience of past and future episodes (2014)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., & Evans, G. L. (2015). Mental time travel in dysphoria: Differences in the content and subjective experience of past and future episodes. Consciousness and cognition, 37, 237-248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2014.05.006

Previous research has shown that depressed individuals demonstrate a number of biases in their ability to retrieve past events and simulate future events. The current study investigated the content and phenomenological experience of past and future e... Read More about Mental time travel in dysphoria: Differences in the content and subjective experience of past and future episodes.

Social problem solving, social cognition, and mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's Disease (2013)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Simpson, A. C., Channon, S., Samuel, M., & Brown, R. G. (2013). Social problem solving, social cognition, and mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's Disease. Behavioral Neuroscience, 127(2), 184-192. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030250

Cognitive impairment is a recognized feature of Parkinson's disease (PD), which, even if mild, can impact some aspects of a patient's ability to deal with everyday life. The current study examined the ability to solve social problems in three groups... Read More about Social problem solving, social cognition, and mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's Disease.

Imagining novel futures: The roles of event plausibility and familiarity (2012)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J. (2012). Imagining novel futures: The roles of event plausibility and familiarity. Memory, 20(5), 443-451. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2012.677450

The constructive episodic simulation hypothesis suggests that episodic memory supports the simulation of future events through extraction and recombination of stored information. The current study explicitly investigated the use of past episodic thou... Read More about Imagining novel futures: The roles of event plausibility and familiarity.

Identifying the cognitive basis of mental toughness: Evidence from the directed forgetting paradigm (2012)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Cotter, G., Crust, L., & Clough, P. J. (2012). Identifying the cognitive basis of mental toughness: Evidence from the directed forgetting paradigm. Personality and individual differences, 53(5), 587-590. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2012.04.036

The concept of mental toughness has been found to be related to outcome performance measures in sport and other competitive situations. Despite this, little attention has been devoted to understanding the cognitive mechanisms that underlie mental tou... Read More about Identifying the cognitive basis of mental toughness: Evidence from the directed forgetting paradigm.

Shared cognitive processes underlying past and future thinking: The impact of imagery and concurrent task demands on event specificity. (2012)
Journal Article
Anderson, R., Dewhurst, S., & Nash, R. (2012). Shared cognitive processes underlying past and future thinking: The impact of imagery and concurrent task demands on event specificity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 38(2), 356-365. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0025451

Recent literature has argued that whereas remembering the past and imagining the future make use of shared cognitive substrates, simulating future events places heavier demands on executive resources. These propositions were explored in 3 experiments... Read More about Shared cognitive processes underlying past and future thinking: The impact of imagery and concurrent task demands on event specificity..

A gender difference in the false recall of negative words: Women DRM more than men (2011)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., & Knott, L. M. (2012). A gender difference in the false recall of negative words: Women DRM more than men. Cognition and Emotion, 26(1), 65-74. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2011.553037

Gender differences in susceptibility to associative memory illusions in the Deese/Roediger-McDermott paradigm were investigated using negative and neutral word lists. Women (n=50) and men (n=50) studied 20 lists of 12 words that were associates of a... Read More about A gender difference in the false recall of negative words: Women DRM more than men.

Depression and anxiety related subtypes in Parkinson's disease (2011)
Journal Article
Brown, R., Landau, S., Hindle, J., Playfer, J., Samuel, M., Wilson, K., …for the PROMS-PD Study Group. (2011). Depression and anxiety related subtypes in Parkinson's disease. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 82(7), 803-809. https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2010.213652

Background: Depression and anxiety are common in Parkinson's disease (PD) and although clinically important remain poorly understood and managed. To date, research has tended to treat depression and anxiety as distinct phenomena. There is growing evi... Read More about Depression and anxiety related subtypes in Parkinson's disease.

The mood-enhancing benefits of exercise: memory biases augment the effect (2010)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., & Brice, S. (2011). The mood-enhancing benefits of exercise: memory biases augment the effect. Psychology of sport and exercise, 12(2), 79-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.08.003

Objectives: To examine whether expectations regarding the benefits of exercise influence perceived mood changes post-exercise, by virtue of memory biases. Design: 2 x 2 Mixed design with 40 participants assigned to either exercise or non-exercise con... Read More about The mood-enhancing benefits of exercise: memory biases augment the effect.

Social Problem-Solving and Depressive Symptom Vulnerability: The Importance of Real-Life Problem-Solving Performance (2009)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Goddard, L., & Powell, J. H. (2011). Social Problem-Solving and Depressive Symptom Vulnerability: The Importance of Real-Life Problem-Solving Performance. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 35(1), 48-56. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-009-9286-2

Previous research suggests poor social problem-solving may function as a vulnerability factor for depressive symptoms. However, the ecological validity of previous findings is questionable, with recent research using real-life performance based appro... Read More about Social Problem-Solving and Depressive Symptom Vulnerability: The Importance of Real-Life Problem-Solving Performance.

Remembering the past and imagining the future: Differences in event specificity of spontaneously generated thought (2009)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2009). Remembering the past and imagining the future: Differences in event specificity of spontaneously generated thought. Memory, 17(4), 367-373. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658210902751669

A growing interest has emerged in the role that autobiographical memory retrieval plays in simulation of future events. Cognitive explorations in this domain have generally relied on cue word paradigms with instructions to develop specific (relating... Read More about Remembering the past and imagining the future: Differences in event specificity of spontaneously generated thought.

Reduced specificity of autobiographical memory as a moderator of the relationship between daily hassles and depression (2009)
Journal Article
Anderson, R., Goddard, L., & Powell, J. H. (2010). Reduced specificity of autobiographical memory as a moderator of the relationship between daily hassles and depression. Cognition and Emotion, 24(4), 702-709. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699930802598029

Autobiographical memory biases are potential cognitive vulnerability factors for depression, with recent research highlighting the potential importance of accompanying high levels of life stress. Using a prospective design, the current study examined... Read More about Reduced specificity of autobiographical memory as a moderator of the relationship between daily hassles and depression.

Social problem-solving processes and mood in college students: An examination of self-report and performance-based approaches (2007)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Goddard, L., & Powell, J. H. (2009). Social problem-solving processes and mood in college students: An examination of self-report and performance-based approaches. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 33(2), 175-186. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-007-9169-3

Previous research has consistently linked poor problem-solving with depression and anxiety. However, much of this research has failed to directly assess real-life problem-solving, relying on self-appraisal or responses to hypothetical problems. This... Read More about Social problem-solving processes and mood in college students: An examination of self-report and performance-based approaches.