Callum J. Macgregor
Brownfield sites promote biodiversity at a landscape scale
Macgregor, Callum J.; Bunting, M. Jane; Deutz, Pauline; Bourn, Nigel A.D.; Roy, David B.; Mayes, Will M.
Dr Jane Bunting M.J.Bunting@hull.ac.uk
Reader in Geography
Professor Pauline Deutz P.Deutz@hull.ac.uk
Nigel A.D. Bourn
David B. Roy
Dr Will Mayes W.Mayes@hull.ac.uk
Lecturer in Environmental Science
Repurposing of brownfield sites is often promoted, because it is perceived that protecting the “green belt” limits damage to biodiversity; yet brownfield sites provide scarce habitats with limited disturbance, so conversely are also perceived to be ecologically valuable. Combining data from three national-scale UK biological monitoring schemes with location data on historical landfill sites, we show that species richness is positively associated with both the presence and increasing area of ex-landfill sites for birds, plants and several insect taxa. Assemblage rarity of birds is also positively associated with presence of ex-landfill sites. Species richness associated with ex-landfill sites declined over time for birds and insects but increased over time for plants. These findings suggest that development of brownfield sites may have unintended negative consequences for biodiversity, and imply that to minimise loss of biodiversity, brownfield site repurposing could be targeted towards smaller sites, or sites in areas with a high density of other brownfield sites.
Macgregor, C. J., Bunting, M. J., Deutz, P., Bourn, N. A., Roy, D. B., & Mayes, W. M. (2022). Brownfield sites promote biodiversity at a landscape scale. The Science of the total environment, 804, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150162
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Sep 2, 2021|
|Online Publication Date||Sep 9, 2021|
|Publication Date||Jan 15, 2022|
|Deposit Date||Sep 9, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||Sep 10, 2022|
|Journal||Science of the Total Environment|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Abandoned land; Contaminated land; Lepidoptera; Odonata; Post-industrial sites; Repurposing|
This file is under embargo until Sep 10, 2022 due to copyright reasons.
Contact W.Mayes@hull.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.
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