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The model of motivational dynamics in sport : resistance to peer influence, behavioral engagement and disaffection, dispositional coping, and resilience

Nicholls, Adam; Morley, David; Perry, John


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Professor Adam Nicholls
Professor of Psychology and Coaching/ Leader of the Sport Psychology and Coaching Group

David Morley

John Perry


The Model of Motivational Dynamics (MMD; Skinner and Pitzer, 2012) infers that peers influence behavioral engagement levels, which in turn is linked to coping and resilience. Scholars, however, are yet to test the MMD among an athletic population. The purpose of this paper was to assess an a priori model that included key constructs from the MMD, such as resistance to peer influence, behavioral engagement and disaffection, coping, and resilience among athletes. Three hundred and fifty-one athletes (male n = 173, female n = 178; Mage = 16.15 years) completed a questionnaire that measured each construct. Our results provide support for the model. In particular, there were positive paths between resistance to peer influence and behavioral engagement, behavioral engagement and task-oriented coping, and task-oriented coping with resilience. There was also a positive path between resilience and resistance to peer influence, but a negative path from resistance to peer influence to behavioral disaffection. Due to the reported benefits of enhancing resistance to peer influence and behavioral engagement, researchers could devise sport specific interventions to maximize athletes’ scores in these constructs.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2016-02
Journal Frontiers in psychology
Electronic ISSN 1664-1078
Publisher Frontiers Media
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 6
Article Number ARTN 2010
Pages 2010-1-2010-9
Keywords General Psychology
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is a copy of an open access article published in Frontiers in Psychology, 2016, v.6.


Article.pdf (518 Kb)

Copyright Statement
© 2016 Nicholls, Morley and Perry. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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