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Outputs (40)

PC030. Unconscious Bias Training for our Simulated Patients: Showcasing a new and innovative workshop (2023)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., Whittaker, J., Frere, T., & Stockbridge, C. (2023, December). PC030. Unconscious Bias Training for our Simulated Patients: Showcasing a new and innovative workshop. Poster presented at 5th Developing Excellence in Medical Education Conference (DEMEC): Education in the wider context – the patient, the team and the global community, Manchester

Background: Unconscious biases are beliefs, attitudes and stereotypes that can affect our understanding and decisions in a way that we're not aware of. If steps aren't taken to avoid acting on such biases, it can lead to unfair treatments and discri... Read More about PC030. Unconscious Bias Training for our Simulated Patients: Showcasing a new and innovative workshop.

Micro (and macro) aggressions: We all have a responsibility to ensure an open, supportive and inclusive culture (2023)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A. (2023, November). Micro (and macro) aggressions: We all have a responsibility to ensure an open, supportive and inclusive culture. Presented at Yorkshire and Humber School of Psychiatry Annual Conference, Harrogate

During this session you will: * Consider what is meant by the term ‘microaggression’ * Reflect on your own ‘culture’ * Consider what might impact your responding to a microaggression in everyday life * Be introduced to the Recognise, Choose, Act... Read More about Micro (and macro) aggressions: We all have a responsibility to ensure an open, supportive and inclusive culture.

Microaggressions & Bystander Training for Tutors and SPs: Providing a safe environment for Year 3 & 4 MB BS student to discuss and role play dealing with microaggressions personally or as a bystander in Communication Masterclasses (2023)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., Frere, T., Stockbridge, C., & Whittaker, J. (2023, November). Microaggressions & Bystander Training for Tutors and SPs: Providing a safe environment for Year 3 & 4 MB BS student to discuss and role play dealing with microaggressions personally or as a bystander in Communication Masterclasses. Paper presented at Simulated Patients in Healthcare Education: A National Conference, Online

Presentation Objectives: To develop awareness of HYMS innovative Microaggression/Bystander Training delivered to our Communication Masterclass tutors & SPs to improve their skills and confidence in providing an opportunity for students to discuss... Read More about Microaggressions & Bystander Training for Tutors and SPs: Providing a safe environment for Year 3 & 4 MB BS student to discuss and role play dealing with microaggressions personally or as a bystander in Communication Masterclasses.

Equipping teachers with the skills to assist students to develop their clinical reasoning and communication skills in patient consultations: an integrated approach (2023)
Presentation / Conference
Lillicrap, M., & Hammond, A. (2023, June). Equipping teachers with the skills to assist students to develop their clinical reasoning and communication skills in patient consultations: an integrated approach. Presented at Facilitator Development Day - University of Cambridge School of Medicine, Cambridge

Objectives: * To consider the challenges teachers/tutors (experts) might face in helping medical students (novices) develop their clinical reasoning skills * To develop awareness of the role of faculty development in helping teachers/tutors deve... Read More about Equipping teachers with the skills to assist students to develop their clinical reasoning and communication skills in patient consultations: an integrated approach.

Oral 13. Unconscious Bias Training for our Simulated Patients: Showcasing a new and innovative workshop (2023)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., Whittaker, J., Frere, T., & Stockbridge, C. (2023, May). Oral 13. Unconscious Bias Training for our Simulated Patients: Showcasing a new and innovative workshop. Presented at 9th International Clinical Skills Conference, Prato, Italy

Oral Presentation objectives 1) To develop awareness of our innovative workshop delivered to our Simulated Patients to increase their understanding of unconscious biases, how these might impact their work as Simulated Patients in our teaching and as... Read More about Oral 13. Unconscious Bias Training for our Simulated Patients: Showcasing a new and innovative workshop.

Workshop 47. The Future of consulting: Impact of changing practice on our cognitive load as experts and educators & insights into the novice perspective (2023)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., & Ambrose, L. (2023, May). Workshop 47. The Future of consulting: Impact of changing practice on our cognitive load as experts and educators & insights into the novice perspective. Presented at 9th International Clinical Skills Conference, Prato, Italy

Objectives 1) To consider current & future impact of remote consulting & the covid pandemic on our cognitive load as clinical reasoning ‘experts’ 2) To consider & reflect on the insights this has provided us as clinicians & educators into the stud... Read More about Workshop 47. The Future of consulting: Impact of changing practice on our cognitive load as experts and educators & insights into the novice perspective.

Workshop 21. Faculty Development - Equipping clinical tutors with the skills to assist students to develop their clinical reasoning in patient consultations (2023)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., Gay, S., Matthan, J., Cooper, N., & Singh, M. (2023, May). Workshop 21. Faculty Development - Equipping clinical tutors with the skills to assist students to develop their clinical reasoning in patient consultations. Presented at 9th International Clinical Skills Conference, Prato, Italy

Workshop Objectives To consider the particular challenges for clinical tutors (experts) in helping medical students (novices) develop their clinical reasoning skills. To develop awareness of innovative approaches to faculty development to help tuto... Read More about Workshop 21. Faculty Development - Equipping clinical tutors with the skills to assist students to develop their clinical reasoning in patient consultations.

Keynote - Integration of communication and clinical reasoning skills: Evolution of a medical school curriculum and reflections of a GP (2023)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A. (2023, March). Keynote - Integration of communication and clinical reasoning skills: Evolution of a medical school curriculum and reflections of a GP. Presented at UK Conference for Clinical Communication in Undergraduate Medical Education: Developing the clinical communication curriculum, Manchester

Conference programme: Anna will discuss the evolution of the HYMS curriculum (including the explicit teaching of clinical reasoning, and integration of the communication and clinical reasoning curricula) and reflect on the impact of her own practice... Read More about Keynote - Integration of communication and clinical reasoning skills: Evolution of a medical school curriculum and reflections of a GP.

Faculty Development: Equipping teachers with the skills to assist students to develop their clinical reasoning and communication skills in patient consultations - an integrated approach (2023)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., & Lillicrap, M. (2023, March). Faculty Development: Equipping teachers with the skills to assist students to develop their clinical reasoning and communication skills in patient consultations - an integrated approach. Presented at UK Council of Clinical Communication National Conference, Manchester

This interactive and multimedia workshop will showcase an approach that integrates the teaching of communication and clinical reasoning skills, through observation and discussion. · To consider the challenges teachers/tutors (experts) might face i... Read More about Faculty Development: Equipping teachers with the skills to assist students to develop their clinical reasoning and communication skills in patient consultations - an integrated approach.

Shared Decision Making (2022)
Book Chapter
Hammond, A., & Gay, S. (2022). Shared Decision Making. In N. Cooper, & J. Frain (Eds.), ABC of Clinical Reasoning (29-33). (2). John Wiley and Sons

Unconscious Bias Training for our Simulated Patients: Showcasing a new and innovative workshop (2022)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., Frere, T., Whittaker, J., & Stockbridge, C. (2022, October). Unconscious Bias Training for our Simulated Patients: Showcasing a new and innovative workshop. Poster presented at Medical Schools UK Equality Diversity and Inclusion (EDI) Network Online Meeting

Poster Overview: We have a large bank of simulated patients who interact with our students in teaching and assessment across all five years of our MB BS course, and were mindful of their different backgrounds and experiences when developing this ses... Read More about Unconscious Bias Training for our Simulated Patients: Showcasing a new and innovative workshop.

Workshop 1. Conversations with learners: Using the arts in undergraduate medical education to challenge thinking about diversity and professional behaviours (2022)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., Pearson, L., & Baxter, I. (2022, October). Workshop 1. Conversations with learners: Using the arts in undergraduate medical education to challenge thinking about diversity and professional behaviours. Presented at Medical Schools UK Equality Diversity and Inclusion (EDI) Network Online Meeting

Working with students in developing humanistic approaches to care, diversity and constructive professional behaviours can be difficult. Diversity and ‘professionalism’ as curricular areas may be met with suspicion by students as it does not fit the c... Read More about Workshop 1. Conversations with learners: Using the arts in undergraduate medical education to challenge thinking about diversity and professional behaviours.

BMJ Opinion 12 April 2021: Covid-19 and clinical reasoning - we all became novices once more (2021)
Digital Artefact
Hammond, A. (2021). BMJ Opinion 12 April 2021: Covid-19 and clinical reasoning - we all became novices once more

When Covid-19 emerged, all doctors were faced with a new disease about which they knew little. Anna Hammond describes how the experience has changed her consultations with patients and how she teaches medical students. Published in BMJ Opinion 12... Read More about BMJ Opinion 12 April 2021: Covid-19 and clinical reasoning - we all became novices once more.

Consensus statement on the content of clinical reasoning curricula in undergraduate medical education (2020)
Journal Article
Cooper, N., Bartlett, M., Gay, S., Hammond, A., Lillicrap, M., Matthan, J., & Singh, M. (2021). Consensus statement on the content of clinical reasoning curricula in undergraduate medical education. Medical Teacher, 43(2), 152-159. https://doi.org/10.1080/0142159X.2020.1842343

Introduction Effective clinical reasoning is required for safe patient care. Students and postgraduate trainees largely learn the knowledge, skills and behaviours required for effective clinical reasoning implicitly, through experience and apprentic... Read More about Consensus statement on the content of clinical reasoning curricula in undergraduate medical education.

An innovative use of the arts in an undergraduate curriculum to challenge thinking around diversity and professionalism (2020)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., Baxter, I., & Pearson, L. (2020, March). An innovative use of the arts in an undergraduate curriculum to challenge thinking around diversity and professionalism. Poster presented at University of York Annual Teaching and Learning Conference

Tutor experience/student feedback had highlighted the challenges in working with students in developing humanistic approaches to care and constructive professional behaviours. ‘Professionalism’ / Diversity as curriculum areas may be met with suspicio... Read More about An innovative use of the arts in an undergraduate curriculum to challenge thinking around diversity and professionalism.

Threshold concepts and their relevance to clinical reasoning (2019)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., & Neve, H. (2019, November). Threshold concepts and their relevance to clinical reasoning. Presented at 3rd National Conference on Clinical Reasoning in Medical Education (CReME), York

This interactive workshop offers you the opportunity to look at clinical reasoning with a new ‘threshold concept’ lens. Identified by Meyer and Land in 2003, ‘thresholds’ are thought to be key to achieving mastery of a subject. We will first introduc... Read More about Threshold concepts and their relevance to clinical reasoning.

Clinical Reasoning Classroom learning: Showcasing learning approaches used in Years 3 and 4 (2019)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A. (2019, November). Clinical Reasoning Classroom learning: Showcasing learning approaches used in Years 3 and 4. Presented at 3rd National Conference on Clinical Reasoning in Medical Education (CReME), York

Anna Hammond is delighted to have two Year 5 HYMS students running this workshop with her. This parallel session will showcase the approaches used in the HYMS Year 3 and 4 clinical reasoning workshops which were introduced to provide a formal underpi... Read More about Clinical Reasoning Classroom learning: Showcasing learning approaches used in Years 3 and 4.

WS19. From pedagogy to practice: implementing transformative learning in clinical reasoning (2019)
Presentation / Conference
Singh, M., Boyle, J., Hammond, A., & Henderson, J. (2019, May). WS19. From pedagogy to practice: implementing transformative learning in clinical reasoning. Presented at 8th International Clinical Skills Conference, Prato, Italy

Background Healthcare professionals must provide high quality care that is both efficient and safe. Underpinning this requirement is a presumption that individuals are able to make accurate clinical decisions. Knowledge is not sufficient: judgment... Read More about WS19. From pedagogy to practice: implementing transformative learning in clinical reasoning.

Roundtable Discussion (RTD03) - Is there a downside to using Simulated Patients to teach and assess communication skills? (2019)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., & Henderson, J. (2019, May). Roundtable Discussion (RTD03) - Is there a downside to using Simulated Patients to teach and assess communication skills?. Presented at 8th International Clinical Skills Conference, Prato, Italy

Background Simulated Patients (SPs) are widely used to facilitate the learning of communication skills enabling students to receive detailed feedback on experiential practice in a safe environment. They are also used in the assessment of students’... Read More about Roundtable Discussion (RTD03) - Is there a downside to using Simulated Patients to teach and assess communication skills?.

Oral Paper S26 - What are students frightened of? (2015)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., & Henderson, J. (2015, May). Oral Paper S26 - What are students frightened of?. Presented at 6th International Clinical Skills Conference: Creativity & Diversity in Clinical Skills Education and Research, Prato, Italy

Background Despite extensive consistent integrated early clinical experience at HYMS, students have often been noted to struggle in making the transition from the largely University-based Phase I (2 years) to immersion in the clinically-based Phas... Read More about Oral Paper S26 - What are students frightened of?.

Oral Paper SP63. Learner Centred Communication Masterclasses (2015)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A. (2015, May). Oral Paper SP63. Learner Centred Communication Masterclasses. Presented at Sixth International Clinical Skills Conference: Creativity & Diversity in Clinical Skills Education and Research, Prato, Italy

Background HYMS 3rd and 4th Year MB ChB students frequently encountered communication challenges on clinical placements, despite extensive communication skills teaching in the first two (university based) years of the course. Presentation Comp... Read More about Oral Paper SP63. Learner Centred Communication Masterclasses.

Workshop 13. Clinical Diagnostic Reasoning: Equipping students with peer instruction skills to work together in developing their diagnostic reasoning (2015)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., & Henderson, J. (2015, May). Workshop 13. Clinical Diagnostic Reasoning: Equipping students with peer instruction skills to work together in developing their diagnostic reasoning. Presented at Sixth International Clinical Skills Conference: Creativity & Diversity in Clinical Skills Education and Research, Prato, Italy

Workshop Format An introductory presentation covering best evidence in current medical education literature regarding development of diagnostic clinical reasoning skills for undergraduate students Small group work focusing on clinical tutor- identi... Read More about Workshop 13. Clinical Diagnostic Reasoning: Equipping students with peer instruction skills to work together in developing their diagnostic reasoning.

Roundtable RT06. Clinical Reasoning skills: Something that can be taught or just a matter of seeing lots of patients? (2015)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., & Henderson, J. (2015, May). Roundtable RT06. Clinical Reasoning skills: Something that can be taught or just a matter of seeing lots of patients?. Presented at Sixth International Clinical Skills Conference: Creativity & Diversity in Clinical Skills Education and Research, Prato, Italy

There is considerable literature regarding the complex nature of clinical reasoning for clinicians. Norman (2005) stated “there is no such thing as clinical reasoning - there is no best way through a problem. The more one studies the clinical expert,... Read More about Roundtable RT06. Clinical Reasoning skills: Something that can be taught or just a matter of seeing lots of patients?.

What stops students working well in clinical environments? (2015)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., & Henderson, J. (2015, March). What stops students working well in clinical environments?. Paper presented at UK Council for Clinical Communication National Conference, Manchester

Aims * To discuss the challenges for Undergraduate Medical Students when moving from University Based to Full time clinical placements * Discuss HYMS’ Year Three Induction Block * To share ideas regarding how to address these challenges

Linking Early Clinical Experience and Basic Science using Images of Disease (2014)
Presentation / Conference
Cookson, J., Hammond, A., Ken, W., & Owen, S. (2014, August). Linking Early Clinical Experience and Basic Science using Images of Disease. Presented at The International Association for Health Professions Education. AMEE 2014: Excellence in Education - the 21st Century Teacher, Milan, Italy

Short Communication 7C1 (Curriculum: Educational Strategies)

Workshop - Developing Clinical Reasoning Skills in Modern Undergraduate Medical Curricula (2013)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., & Henderson, J. (2013, September). Workshop - Developing Clinical Reasoning Skills in Modern Undergraduate Medical Curricula. Presented at 8th HYMS Education Conference, Bishop Burton, East Yorkshire

Objectives: Following the workshop participants will be able to * Recognise opportunities to strengthen the teaching of clinical reasoning within their environment * Evaluate students’ individual clinical reasoning learning needs * Discuss curre... Read More about Workshop - Developing Clinical Reasoning Skills in Modern Undergraduate Medical Curricula.

Workshop: Helping undergraduate medical students to improve their clinical reasoning in the direct patient encounter - skills for tutors (2013)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., & Henderson, J. (2013, July). Workshop: Helping undergraduate medical students to improve their clinical reasoning in the direct patient encounter - skills for tutors. Presented at Association for the Study of Medical Education Annual Scientific Meeting: Changes in healthcare delivery and the effects on medical education, Edinburgh

Workshop Description: This workshop demonstrates how clinical consultations can be used in a structured way to facilitate student understanding of their own clinical reasoning. Participants will actively explore, analyse and practise some of the sk... Read More about Workshop: Helping undergraduate medical students to improve their clinical reasoning in the direct patient encounter - skills for tutors.

P33. Optimising student experience: an innovative and integrated tutor support and development programme (2013)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., & Henderson, J. (2013, May). P33. Optimising student experience: an innovative and integrated tutor support and development programme. Poster presented at Fifth International Clinical Skills Conference: Clinical Skills Education - Building Bridges between Simulation and Practice, Prato, Italy

Background The curriculum of the five year MBBS course at HYMS is integrated and student–centred with regular clinical skills sessions throughout the first two years. The clinical skills tutors are practising clinicians who deliver their teaching rol... Read More about P33. Optimising student experience: an innovative and integrated tutor support and development programme.

Workshop 08. Professional Delivery of Clinical Reasoning in Medicine (2013)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., & Henderson, J. (2013, May). Workshop 08. Professional Delivery of Clinical Reasoning in Medicine. Presented at 5th International Clinical Skills Conference - Clinical Skills Education: Building Bridges between Simulation and Practice, Prato, Italy

Objectives To consider the specific challenges for students in developing clinical reasoning skills in contemporary systems-based curricula. To consider case vignettes portraying specific student cognitive-processing difficulties in diagnostic re... Read More about Workshop 08. Professional Delivery of Clinical Reasoning in Medicine.

P06. Clinical Reasoning in Medicine: Developing Students' metacognitive skills (2013)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., & Henderson, J. (2013, May). P06. Clinical Reasoning in Medicine: Developing Students' metacognitive skills. Poster presented at 5th International Clinical Skills Conference - Clinical Skills Education: Building Bridges between Simulation and Practice, Prato, Italy

This poster outlines the introduction of formal Clinical Reasoning Skills sessions - initially a Student Selected Component (SSC) - as compulsory sessions in the core second year curriculum. Observations of 4th and 5th Year students’ performances i... Read More about P06. Clinical Reasoning in Medicine: Developing Students' metacognitive skills.

Clinical Reasoning in Medicine: Developing Students' meta-cognitive skills (2012)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., & Henderson, J. (2012, May). Clinical Reasoning in Medicine: Developing Students' meta-cognitive skills. Poster presented at University of York Teaching and Learning Conference, York

This poster outlines the progress of the authors’ project in introducing formal Clinical Reasoning Skills sessions. This project was instituted on the basis of observations of students’ performances in live examinations in years 4 / 5 of our five... Read More about Clinical Reasoning in Medicine: Developing Students' meta-cognitive skills.

Workshop 07. Developing approaches to professionalism in medical students (2011)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., & Henderson, J. (2011, May). Workshop 07. Developing approaches to professionalism in medical students. Presented at 4th International Clinical Skills Conference - Research in Clinical Skills: Showcasing Best Practice for Students & Practitioners Prato, Tuscany 22 – 25 May 2011 Showcasing Innovation and Evidenced Based Clinical Skills Education and Practice, Prato, Italy

Since the inception of our medical school seven years ago we have noticed that despite undergraduate medical students having an awareness that doctors have expected professional behaviours they have not always appreciated how professional behaviour a... Read More about Workshop 07. Developing approaches to professionalism in medical students.

P15. Employing students' multilingualism and language diversity in teaching and learning (2011)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., Collins, S., Adam, J., & Pearce, J. (2011, May). P15. Employing students' multilingualism and language diversity in teaching and learning. Poster presented at 4th International Clinical Skills Conference: Showcasing Innovation and Evidenced Based Clinical Skills Education and Practice, Prato, Italy

Before our innovative clinical skills session ‘Interpreting in Consultations’, we conducted an annual survey of languages spoken by students on admission, in 2006, 2007 and 2008. From a response rate of 94% we noted that 28% of students are advance... Read More about P15. Employing students' multilingualism and language diversity in teaching and learning.

P16. Introducing Peer Physical Examination (2011)
Presentation / Conference
Hammond, A., Henderson, J., Asghar, A., & Collins, S. (2011, May). P16. Introducing Peer Physical Examination. Poster presented at 4th International Clinical Skills Conference: Showcasing Innovation and Evidenced Based Clinical Skills Education and Practice, Prato, Italy

We are a new medical school (now into our eighth year) and until the 2008/09 academic year our Year One and Two students acquired physical examination skills by examining healthy volunteers. The Year One cohort in 2008/09 were the first to acquire t... Read More about P16. Introducing Peer Physical Examination.

Learning from evaluation: A descriptive, student-informed approach (2009)
Journal Article
Hammond, A., Collins, S., Booth, J., & Kalia, S. (2009). Learning from evaluation: A descriptive, student-informed approach. Clinical Teacher, 6(2), 73-78. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-498X.2009.00275.x

Preamble Meaningful engagement of students in the thoughtful evaluation of teaching is difficult Students were involved in framing questions and in commenting on the evaluation process The data supply insights into students' views on being taught... Read More about Learning from evaluation: A descriptive, student-informed approach.

Considered evaluation of clinical placements in a new medical school (2009)
Journal Article
Booth, J., Collins, S., & Hammond, A. (2009). Considered evaluation of clinical placements in a new medical school. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 34(1), 17-29. https://doi.org/10.1080/02602930701773018

This article suggests that quality assessment in the UK has been largely set apart from learning and teaching and reports on a pilot project at the Hull York Medical School which attempted to integrate students' evaluation of their clinical placement... Read More about Considered evaluation of clinical placements in a new medical school.

HYMS Communication Masterclasses : Providing an opportunity for students to discuss and rehearse strategies for dealing with microaggressions
Other
Hammond, A. (2024). HYMS Communication Masterclasses : Providing an opportunity for students to discuss and rehearse strategies for dealing with microaggressions. [audiovisual]

Invited to contribute a recorded case study to Addressing Misogyny in Medical Education placements - a Best Practice Toolkit (hosted by NHS England and General Medical Council)