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Professor Stephen Dewhurst

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Stephen Dewhurst

Professor of Cognitive Psychology


The relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control: evidence from the item-method directed forgetting task (2019)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Howe, D., & Clough, P. J. (2019). The relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control: evidence from the item-method directed forgetting task. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 33(5), 943-951. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3570

Previous research by the authors (Dewhurst, Anderson. Cotter, Crust, & Clough, 2012) found that mental toughness, as measured by the Mental Toughness Questionnaire 48 (MTQ48; Clough, Earle, & Sewell, 2002), was significantly associated with performan... Read More about The relationship between mental toughness and cognitive control: evidence from the item-method directed forgetting task.

Putting false memories into context: The effects of odour contexts on correct and false recall (2018)
Journal Article
Woods, J. A., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2019). Putting false memories into context: The effects of odour contexts on correct and false recall. Memory, 27(3), 379-386. doi:10.1080/09658211.2018.1512632

False memories created by the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm are often accompanied by contextual information. Yet, research investigating the effects of context on false memories is surprisingly scarce. We used the context-dependent memory (... Read More about Putting false memories into context: The effects of odour contexts on correct and false recall.

Simulation, false memories, and the planning of future events. (2018)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Grace, L., & Howe, D. (2019). Simulation, false memories, and the planning of future events. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 45(1), 26-36. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000575

Three experiments investigated the relationship between future thinking and false memories. In Experiment 1, participants remembered familiar events (e.g., a holiday) from their past, imagined planning the same events in the future, or took part in a... Read More about Simulation, false memories, and the planning of future events..

Thinking aloud: an exploration of cognitions in professional snooker (2018)
Journal Article
Welsh, J. C., Dewhurst, S. A., & Perry, J. L. (2018). Thinking aloud: an exploration of cognitions in professional snooker. Psychology of sport and exercise, 36, (197-208). doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.03.003. ISSN 1469-0292

Objectives: Presently, there is no exploration into the cognitive processes of super-elite and elite professional snooker players during real-time performance. Therefore, this study explored the cognitions of seven professional snooker players during... Read More about Thinking aloud: an exploration of cognitions in professional snooker.

Individual differences in susceptibility to false memories: The effect of memory specificity (2018)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Berry, D. M., & Garner, S. R. (2018). Individual differences in susceptibility to false memories: The effect of memory specificity. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(7), 1637-1644. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2017.1345961

Previous research has highlighted the wide individual variability in susceptibility to the false memories produced by the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) procedure [Deese, J. (1959). On the prediction of occurrence of particular verbal intrusions in i... Read More about Individual differences in susceptibility to false memories: The effect of memory specificity.

False memories, but not false beliefs, affect implicit attitudes for food preferences (2017)
Journal Article
Howe, D., Anderson, R. J., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2017). False memories, but not false beliefs, affect implicit attitudes for food preferences. Acta psychologica, 179, 14-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2017.07.002

Previous studies have found that false memories and false beliefs of childhood experiences can have attitudinal consequences. Previous studies have, however, focused exclusively on explicit attitude measures without exploring whether implicit attitud... Read More about False memories, but not false beliefs, affect implicit attitudes for food preferences.

Direct and generative retrieval of autobiographical memories : the roles of visual imagery and executive processes (2017)
Journal Article
Anderson, R. J., Dewhurst, S. A., & Dean, G. M. (2017). Direct and generative retrieval of autobiographical memories : the roles of visual imagery and executive processes. Consciousness and cognition, 49, 163-171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2017.02.010

Two experiments used a dual task methodology to investigate the role of visual imagery and executive resources in the retrieval of specific autobiographical memories. In Experiment 1, dynamic visual noise led to a reduction in the number of specific... Read More about Direct and generative retrieval of autobiographical memories : the roles of visual imagery and executive processes.

Investigating the influence of music training on verbal memory (2017)
Journal Article
Taylor, A. C., & Dewhurst, S. A. (2017). Investigating the influence of music training on verbal memory. Psychology of music, 45(6), 814-820. https://doi.org/10.1177/0305735617690246

Previous research has shown that musical training is associated with enhanced verbal memory. The current study investigated the generality of this association by presenting undergraduates who had received musical training (n = 20) and undergraduates... Read More about Investigating the influence of music training on verbal memory.

Survival processing versus self-reference : a memory advantage following descriptive self-referential encoding (2017)
Journal Article
Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., Grace, L., & Boland, J. (2017). Survival processing versus self-reference : a memory advantage following descriptive self-referential encoding. Journal of Memory and Language, 94, 291-304. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2017.01.003

Previous research has shown that rating words for their relevance to a survival scenario leads to better retention of the words than rating them for self-reference. Past studies have, however, relied exclusively on an autobiographical self-reference... Read More about Survival processing versus self-reference : a memory advantage following descriptive self-referential encoding.

Adaptive false memory: Imagining future scenarios increases false memories in the DRM paradigm (2016)
Journal Article
Grace, L., Anderson, R. J., Dewhurst, S. A., & van Esch, L. (2016). Adaptive false memory: Imagining future scenarios increases false memories in the DRM paradigm. Memory & cognition, 44(7), 1076-1084. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-016-0620-0

Previous research has shown that rating words for their relevance to a future scenario enhances memory for those words. The current study investigated the effect of future thinking on false memory using the Deese/Roediger–McDermott (DRM) procedure. I... Read More about Adaptive false memory: Imagining future scenarios increases false memories in the DRM paradigm.